is a co-official language of the United Nations, the European Union and many other world and regional international organisations. 2 (2nd completely revised and extended.). One of the most productive processes in English is conversion, using a word with a different grammatical role, for example using a noun as a verb or a verb as a noun. English is an official language of countries populated by few descendants of native speakers of English. They are semantically divided into proper nouns (names) and common nouns. There is complex dialectal variation in words with the open front and open back vowels /æ /. The example below demonstrates how the grammatical roles of each constituent is marked only by the position relative to the verb: The dog bites the man The man bites the dog An exception is found in sentences where.
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A working knowledge of English has become a requirement in a number of occupations and professions such as medicine and computing. Archived from the original on Retrieved Romaine 1999,. . Like Scottish and most North American accents, almost all Irish accents preserve the rhoticity which has been lost in the dialects influenced. "Chapter 2: The Place of English in Germanic and Indo-European". In Modern English, adjectives are not inflected, and they do not agree in form with the noun they modify, as adjectives in most other Indo-European languages. The Cambridge Encyclopedia of the English Language (2nd.). Marsh, David (26 November 2010).
Some differences between the various dialects are shown in the table "Varieties of blue thai massage thaimassage malmö
Standard English and their features". Stressed syllables are pronounced longer and louder than unstressed syllables, and vowels in unstressed syllables are frequently reduced while vowels in stressed syllables are not. Having been the centre of Danish occupation during the Viking Invasions, Northern English dialects, particularly the Yorkshire dialect, retain Norse features not found in other English varieties. Some dialects have introduced innovative 2nd person plural pronouns such as y'all found in Southern American English and African American (Vernacular) English or youse and ye found in Irish English. "Summary by language size". In Denison, David; Hogg, Richard. Phrasal verbs English also makes frequent use of constructions traditionally called phrasal verbs, verb phrases that are made up of a verb root and a preposition or particle which follows the verb. Carr, Philip; Honeybone, Patrick (2007). In cases where the topic is not the grammatical subject of the sentence, frequently the topic is promoted to subject position through syntactic means. Many varieties also use a near future constructed with the phrasal verb be going. Discourse markers are often the first constituents in sentences. They have many more speakers of English who acquire English as they grow up through day-to-day use and listening to broadcasting, especially if they attend schools where English is the medium of instruction. Adjectives Adjectives modify a noun by providing additional information about their referents. 59 In modern English, the loss of grammatical case is almost complete (it is now only found in pronouns, such as he and him, she and her, who and whom and SVO word-order is mostly fixed. Flemming, Edward; Johnson, Stephanie (2007). In the 21st century, English is more widely spoken and written than any language has ever been. In Hogg, Richard. Because of the strict SVO syntax, the topic of a sentence generally has to be the grammatical subject of the sentence. "Chapter 17: English phonology and morphology". It is alone among non-rhotic varieties in lacking intrusive. English Accents and Dialects (3rd.). The unvoiced velar fricative sound /x/ is found in Scottish English, which distinguishes loch /lx/ from lock /lk/. Retrieved 26 February 2015. An Introduction to Language and Linguistics (Second.). England continued to form new colonies, and these later developed their own norms for speech and writing. Some analyses add pronouns as a class separate from nouns, and subdivide conjunctions into subordinators and coordinators, and add the class of interjections. Encyclopedia of language linguistics. "List of languages by total number of speakers, Ethnologue 2019". Some dialects do not contrast / and / in unstressed positions, so that rabbit and abbot rhyme and Lenin and Lennon are homophonous, a dialect feature called weak vowel merger.