also forbade the employment of German women under the age of 45 as domestic servants in Jewish households. The nsdap party platform included destruction of the Weimar Republic, rejection of the terms of the Treaty of Versailles, radical antisemitism, and anti- Bolshevism. In 1936, Hitler signed an Anti-Comintern Pact with Japan and a non-aggression agreement with Mussolini, who was soon referring to a "Rome-Berlin Axis". Several more attempts followed before the failed plot, which was at least partly motivated by the increasing prospect of a German defeat in the war. The National Socialist German Workers' Party ( Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei, nsdap; Nazi Party) was founded in 1920. The German Luftwaffe failed to defeat the RAF in what became known as the Battle of Britain, and by the end of October, Hitler realised that air superiority would not be achieved. Hitler's peace overtures to the new British Prime Minister Winston Churchill were rejected in July 1940. Denmark fell after less than a day, while most of Norway followed by the end of the month. Deutsches Reich german Reich ) until 1943 and, großdeutsches Reich (Greater German Reich) from 1943 to 1945. From membership in the Hitler Youth was made compulsory for all children over the age of ten. All of Yugoslavia and parts of Greece were subsequently divided between Germany, Hungary, Italy, and Bulgaria. Hitler favoured the music of Richard Wagner, especially pieces based on Germanic myths and heroic stories, and attended the Bayreuth Festival each year from 1933 to 1942. Nazi Germany had a strong anti-tobacco movement, as pioneering research by Franz. Hjalmar Schacht, President of the Reichsbank and Minister of Economics, created a scheme for deficit financing in May 1933. Jewish civil servants lost their jobs in 1933, except for those who had seen military service in World War. Germany was split into four zones, each occupied by one of the Allied powers, who drew reparations from their zone. Politics Ideology Further information: Nazism The nsdap was a far-right political party which arose during the social and financial upheavals that occurred following the end of World War. Organisations were created for the indoctrination of Nazi values. The Allies landed in Sicily in July 1943 and in Italy in September. Hitler and Göring in particular were interested in acquiring looted art treasures from occupied Europe, the former planning to use the stolen art to fill the galleries of the planned Führermuseum (Leader's Museum and the latter for his personal collection. Under threat of invasion by sea, Lithuania surrendered the Memel district in March 1939. The plan was to overthrow Hitler or possibly assassinate him. Average wages began to rise. A total of 23,000 Romani were deported to Auschwitz concentration camp, of whom 19,000 died. Very heavy strategic bombing by the Allies targeted refineries producing synthetic oil and gasoline, as well as the German transportation system, especially rail yards and canals. Although Japan was a powerful ally, the relationship was distant, with little co-ordination or co-operation. On 29 November 2006, State Secretary in the Federal Ministry of the Interior Christoph Bergner said the reason the statistics do not match is because Haar only includes people who were directly killed. Promiscuity increased as the war progressed, with unmarried soldiers often intimately involved with several women simultaneously. Hitler's refusal to admit defeat led to massive destruction of German infrastructure and additional war-related deaths in the closing months of the war. The nsdap daily newspaper, the Völkischer Beobachter Ethnic Observer was edited by Rosenberg, who also wrote The Myth of the Twentieth Century, a book of racial theories espousing Nordic superiority. By targeting oil refineries and factories, they crippled the German war effort by late 1944. Meanwhile, American and British bomber fleets based in Britain began operations against Germany. At the end of the war, Europe had more than 40 million refugees, its economy had collapsed, and 70 percent of its industrial infrastructure was destroyed. As the market was experiencing a glut and prices for petroleum were low, in 1933 the Nazi government made a profit-sharing agreement with IG Farben, guaranteeing them a 5 percent return on capital invested in their synthetic oil plant at Leuna. ; Heschel, Susannah (1999). The Reichskonkordat (Reich Concordat) treaty thaimassage solna naken massage stockholm with the Vatican was signed in 1933, amid continuing harassment of the church in Germany.